Italy may have seen Europe’s hottest day ever as Sicily’s Siracusa on Wednesday recorded the country’s “highest-ever temperature” on Wednesday. Fuelled by unrelenting temperatures enveloping southern Europe, Italian firefighters on Thursday battled hundreds of fires throughout the country’s south that killed four people.
Searing temperatures also raise concerns that even higher temperatures are potential in future, possibly even exceeding 50.0 degrees Celsius, the UK’s MET office has warned.
“Climate change is making heat-related extremes of weather more intense and when we think about those record-breaking temperature the chance of breaking temperature records – or coming close to breaking records – is greatly increased,” said Professor Peter Stott, who is the UK Met Office’s lead on climate attribution.
“Record-breaking temperatures in June 2019 saw the French temperature record exceed 45.0 degrees Celsius for the first time, and our analysis found that event was at least five times more likely because of climate change… I think it’s going to be clear that climate change has made this current event more extreme.
The Earth’s average surface temperature has risen by around 1.1 Degrees C since the pre-industrial period (1850-1900), but the average temperature in some regions has increased by a greater amount. The average temperature in North Africa, for example, has increased by around 2.0 Degrees C over the same period, according to the UK Met office.
Greece’s most severe heatwave in decades has fanned blazes that have destroyed more than 100,000 hectares of forests and farmland, the country’s worst wildfire damage since 2007, the European Forest Fire Information System said Thursday, news agency AFP reported.
The latest extreme weather events come after a “code red” report from the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was published on Monday, warning that the world is warming far faster than previously feared.
The Mediterranean has been singled out as a “climate change hotspot”, with increasing temperatures and aridity lengthening fire seasons, AFP reported.